Hashem al-Khattat was born in Baghdad in 1917. He started to learn Arabic calligraphy from an early age, and won a calligraphy Diploma from Mulla ‘Ali al-Fadli in 1943.
He continued his studies in Cairo and obtained a Diploma with honours from the Royal Institute of Calligraphy in 1944. In the same year, he won the Calligraphy Certificate from the calligrapher Sayyid Ibrahim and the calligrapher Muhammad Husni.
In 1946, he published a text book on Al-Riqa’ style of calligraphy. He visited Turkey, and showed examples of his work to the famous Turkish calligrapher, Musa Azmi, known as Hamid al-Amidi, who awarded him calligraphy Diplomas on two occasions, 1950 and 1952. On the second occasion, al-Amidi declared that Hashem was one of the finest calligraphers in the Islamic world. He said of him, “The art of calligraphy sprang in Dar-As-Salaam (Baghdad) and returns with you to Dar-As-Salaam.”
He followed the classical Baghdad style of Yaqut al-Musta’asimi and combined it with the more modern Ottoman school, and he was also known to be amongst the best calligraphers of the Thuluth style.
He supervised the printing of the Holy Qu’ran which was calligraphed by the Turkish calligrapher Muhammad Amin al-Rushdi. Al-Khattat reilluminated some of the missing letters, numbered the verses and calligraphed the addresses of the Surahs (chapters). This Holy text was first published in Baghdad in 1951. It was subsequently republished in Germany in 1966, and then a third edition was published, also in Germany, in 1972.
In 1960, he was appointed Lecturer in Arabic Calligraphy at the Institute of Fine Arts in Baghdad. Later, he became the Head of the Arabic Calligraphy and Islamic Decoration Department where he stayed until his death in 1973. During this time (1961) he published his collection of calligraphy containing his finest work under the title “The Methods of Arabic Calligraphy.”
His calligraphic work adorns a number of well-known Mosques in Iraq, including al-Shahid Mosque, Shaikh Abdul Qadir al-Gailani Mosque, Haiderkhana Mosque, Almuradia Mosque, and the Bunia Mosque. He designed Iraqi Bank Notes, and the coins for Tunisia, Morocco, Libya and Sudan. He awarded only one Diploma, to his student Abdul Ghani al-Ani.
He planned to write a text of the Holy Qu’ran in his own particular style, but he died before completing the project. A collection containing his latest work was republished in Baghdad in 1978.
Musa Azmi, one of Turkey’s most famous modern calligraphers. Hamid was a student of many famous calligraphers: Haci Hafiz Bey, Kamil Akdik, Hulusi Efendi and Ismail Hakki Altunbezer. Hamid worked as a teacher of calligraphy from 1910- until 1912, then as a cartographer at the Military College until 1918,
before devoting himself full-time to the practice of his art. He copied the Holy Qur’an twice and did the inscriptions on the Sisli Mosque in Istanbul. The decoration is based on a traditional style of manuscript illumination.
HATTAT AHMET DEMİR KİMDİR…
Aslen ORDU – Mesudiye’li olan Ahmet Demir, 6 Kasım 1964 yılında İstanbul Kağıthane ilçesinde dünyaya geldi. İlkokulu İstanbul’da, o zamanki ismi Çimentepe İlkokulu, yeni ismi, Mehmet Rıfat Yalman İlköğretim Okulunda tamamladı. 1981 yılında Sarıyer İmam Hatip Lisesi’ni bitirdi. 1980 yılında güreş sporuna başladı. 16 sene Türk güreşine hizmet etti. Ulusal ve uluslararası olmak üzere pek çok şampiyonlukları oldu. 1983 yılında Romanya Bükreş’te Balkan 2.liği elde etti. 55 defa milli mayoyu giydi. 1987 yılında askerliğini tamamladı. 1989 yılında evlendi. 1 erkek, 3 çocuk babası olan Demir, 1996 senesinde güreş sporunu bıraktıktan sonra hat sanatıyla ilgilenmeye başladı. 1996 yılında hattat Hafız Yusuf Sezer’den meşk etmeye başladı. 2002 yılında icazetini aldı.
Sayid Ibrahim distrik Citadel, Kairo, Mesir, pada 1897. Kecintaannya pada kaligrafi dimulai sejak kecil dan koleksinya mulai bertebaran ketika menempuh pendidikan di Universitas Al-Azhar dan Universitas Nasional Mesir. Dia belajar dari Sheikh Mustafa El Ghor, seorang kaligrafer universitas tersebut. Gurunya di bidang ini sangat banyak sekali. Di antaranya adalah Sheikh Farag, Sheikh Abd El Hafez, Sheikh Mohamed Wahby, Sheikh Abd El Ghany Agour dan Hussein Hosny dari Turki.
Karya beliau :
Ustaz Dawood Biktash @ Davut Bektas merupakan seorang penulis turki yang terkenal mempunyai huruf-huruf yang kuat segi kaedah dan kelembutan seninya. Lahir pada 1963 di Akoluk, Adana, Turki. Gurunya ialah Yousuf Arzanji dan Hasan Chalbi. Beliau menjadikan karya Sami Afandi dan Hamid Al-Amidi sebagai sumber inspirasi penulisan. Beliau memenangi banyak pertandingan Khat antaranya Johan Jali Thuluth Khat Antarabangsa Istanbul, Turki pada 1986 dan 1989 dan Johan Thuluth Adi pada Khat Antarabangsa Istanbul tahun 1992. Antara hasil karya beliau: